Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder
Avoidant/Restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) can occur at any age. A person with ARFID does not eat enough food or take in the necessary nutrients to be healthy.
Common symptoms are:
- weight loss that is of concern (or failure to gain weight in growing children)
- dependence on nutritional supplements
- problems in daily life
People with ARFID avoid or restrict food for many different reasons. They may avoid foods with certain colours or textures. Some may not eat because they are afraid of choking or vomiting, and their eating problem interferes with their daily life. Others may say they have no appetite or eat very small portions. If you are on a normal diet, or if you avoid certain foods because of cultural or religious practices, it is not considered a disorder.
People with ARFID do not have the distorted body image problems of someone with anorexia nervosa. But, the consequences of being underweight and lacking necessary nutrients can be just as severe.
*It’s important to note that treatments for ARFID are in development. Thankfully, there is some emerging evidence for the effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for ARFID (CBT-AR).
- ARFID Workbook ( English )